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HSTEU 305 A: European Witch Trials

Meeting Time: 
MW 1:00pm - 2:20pm
Location: 
SAV 264
SLN: 
16057
Instructor:
Mary O'Neil
Mary O'Neil

Syllabus Description:

HSTEU 305                                    EUROPEAN WITCH TRIALS                              Fall Quarter 2018

See Home Page for course requirements, books, exams, papers etc.

SCHEDULE OF LECTURES, READINGS AND SECTION DISCUSSIONS

 WEEK 1  INTRODUCTION: THEMES, ISSUES, DEFINITION OF TERMS                                   

 Reading for Wk 1: Cohn, Europe's Inner Demons, Ch 1 (on the stereotype), pp. 1-15;
                                                             Start on         Ch 8 (on Margaret Murray), pp. 144-161
                                Levack, Ch 1 "Introduction,"  4th edition pp. 1-22 

W 9/26   Introduction to course:  What was witchcraft?  Who were the accused witches?
              Basic Themes: 1) witch beliefs versus witch trials  2) learned and popular levels of witch belief
              Witchcraft as a belief system: anthropological approaches  
              Definition of terms: witchcraft, magic, sorcery, superstition
              Margaret Murray and early 20th C. ideas about witchcraft
 F  9/28  SECTION DISCUSSION: Cohn, Ch 1 and 8, bring Handouts from first lecture

PART I.  EUROPEAN WITCH BELIEFS FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE 15th CENTURY

WEEK 2  Reading: Levack, Ch 2, "Intellectual Foundations," 4th edition pp. 27-46;  
                                  Kors and Peters (2cd ed), pp. 42-47 (Augustine), 60-67 (Canon Episcopi),
                                                                                   81-86 (St. Justina), 115-132 (Vox in Rama)
                                   Cohn, Europe's Inner Demons, Ch 2 (on Devil), pp. 16-34
                                                                                    Ch 3-4 (on demonization of heretics), pp. 35-78      
                                                                                    Ch 9 (on night-witch/striga), pp. 162-180

  M 10/1  The Problem of evil: Judaic, Classical and Christian versions
                        READ: selections from Book of Job (posted on Canvas), and  Augustine, K&P 42-47
                Christianity and Paganism: the conversion of Europe:
                        READ:  K&P, 81-86 (St. Justina)

 W  10/3      Early medieval witchcraft legislation (Handout #3) and Canon Episcopi
                        EXPLANATION AND DISCUSSION OF FIRST ESSAY TOPICS
                   13th C Heresy and the medieval  Inquisition

  F  10/5        SECTION DISCUSSION:    What did people believe about witches in early Middle Ages?
                      READING:  Early witchcraft legislation (Handout);  Canon Episcopi, K&P pp. 60-67;
                                          Cohn Chap. 9 (on night witch or striga)

WEEK 3    Reading: Levack 4th edition Ch 2 pp. 47-63; Ch 3 Legal Foundation, pp. 68-94                               Cohn, Europe's Inner Demons, Ch 6-7  (on ritual magic), 103-143
                      Kors & Peters, pp. 133-37 (Bernardino), 180-204  (Malleus on women)          

M 10/8     Scholasticism and Demonology:  Thomas Aquinas on demons
                   SLIDES: Images of demons in 15-16th C. art
                   Sorcery and Politics in 14th  Century Europe

W  10/10    Women in Middle Ages: Attitudes and images  (SLIDES)

F   10/12    SECTION DISCUSSION: What image of women emerges in sermons, treatises? 
                    READING: Bernadino of Siena against women sorcerers: K&P, 133-137
                                        Malleus Maleficarum on women as witches: K&P, 180-204

**    FIRST SHORT ESSAY DUE MONDAY 10/15 at lecture   (3-4 pp)  see page 5 of syllabus

 WEEK 4   Reading:  Kors & Peters, pp. 204-229 (Malleus on trial procedure)
                                            pp. 155-159 (Nider), 176-180 (Papal Bull)
                                Cohn, Europe's Inner Demons, Ch 11-12 (witch hunt), pp 202-233

 M 10/15    The Little Ice Age 1300-1700; Growth of witch trials & witch theory in 15th century
                                Read Nider, Formicarius in K&P, pp. 155-159
                The Inquisitor as Witch Hunter: Kramer and Sprenger, O.P. (Order of Preachers = Dominicans)
                                Read Innocent VIII, Papal Bull Summis desiderantes (1484), K&P, 176-180

 W 10/17    Malleus Maleficarum, 1486: Theory & practice of witch-hunting

                  MIDTERM REVIEW Learned vs popular elements of witch beliefs & trials - 15th C.

 F 10/19    Discussion: Malleus on how to conduct a witch trial: K&P, 204-229

                
WEEK 5
M 10/22  MIDTERM EXAM (BRING BLUE BOOKS) covers lectures & reading through Week 4

PART II:   EUROPEAN WITCH PANIC OF THE 16TH & 17TH CENTURIES

W 10/24  Roman Inquisition trials in Italy: heresy, superstition, witchcraft and the benandanti of Friuli
               READ: XEROX/CANVAS # 1 Benandanti from Ginzburg, Night Battles, pp 1-39, 147-171 

F  11/2    SECTION DISCUSSION:  The benandanti as “counter-witches”: an intact witch belief system?

WEEK 6    ENGLAND in the 16th C: the witch, the sorcerer and the Reformation

Reading:    Kors & Peters, pp. 239-45, 259-270; Marlowe, Doctor Faustus
                   Levack, Ch. 4 "Impact of Reformation," 4th ed, pp. 100-118

                   XEROX/CANVAS #3 English witchcraft legislation

M 10/29      English witch trials: a separate case? Handout on English witchcraft statutes    
                   Matthew Hopkins: the “Witchfinder General” and the English Civil War
                   READ: K&P Chelmsford trials, pp.302-8; XEROX/CANVAS #3 English w/c legislation

W 10/31     Natural magic in the Renaissance learned tradition versus medieval sorcery
                  Reformation theology & the myth of Faust in Germany and England

Fr  11/2     SECTION DISCUSSION: Marlowe's Doctor Faustus

WEEK 7    Reading:        XEROX/CANVAS: #2 Weyer, Bodin & Brenz: the 16th Century Witch Debate
                    Levack, Ch 5-6, 4th ed., pp. 122-151 and 159-188)
                    Kors & Peters, pp. 280-281, 287-302 (Weyer & Bodin), optional 394-401 (Scot),

M 11/5        Impact of the Reformation on European witch beliefs
                  16th century witch debate: Weyer, Bodin, Brenz, & Reginald Scot    

W 11/7       Scottish witch hunt and King James Stuart (VI & I) Read K&P on Scotland pp.  318-322
                  Scapegoating: Demonization of the Jews

Fr 11/9       SECTION DISCUSSION: 16th century witch debate: Weyer, Bodin, Brenz

WEEK 8     Reading:     Kors & Peters, pp  345-55, 359-67, 425-29;
                                       Levack Ch 7, 4th ed pp. 184-223
                                        XEROX/CANVAS: #3-4  England and Germany

M 11/12       France & Switzerland   READ K&P, pp 345-48 (Marie Cornu), pp 359-367 (Suzanne Gaudry)

W 11/14       German witch panic  READ XEROX/CANVAS #4 Germany: Trial of Walpurga Hausmannin
                                                                  and Lyndal Roper, “Witchcraft & Fantasy” on midwives, maids
                               Kors & Peters, pp  348-55 (Bamberg, Wurzburg, Bonn), pp. 425-429 (von Spee)

Fr  11/16      SECTION DISCUSSION Reading witch trials: sections will discuss the trials read
                      from France, Germany and  England (Chelmsford) from Kors & Peters from Week 6                 
                      as well as  XEROX/CANVAS #3 English witchcraft legislation & #4 Germany

 WEEK 9        Reading: Godbeer, The Salem Witch Hunt: a Brief History with Documents
                                                       pp. 1-41, 48-92, 143-151,158-164, 174-177, chronology 185-186

                                       XEROX/CANVAS #5 SALEM (Medical theories)
                                       Kors & Peters, pp 367-70 (Cotton Mather), pp 436-37 (Salem jurors)       

 M  11/21     Possession and exorcism in France, England and Italy

                    Salem Witch Trials of 1692: The social context of witchcraft accusations
                    Puritan New England : theological and procedural issues; historical interpretations
                    READ: XEROX/CANVAS #5 SALEM (Medical theories)

W 11/23       Salem: discussion of trial records – recommended for students writing papers on Salem
                     (covered in sections of Week 10 as well)

Th 11/24 -- Fr 11/24      THANKSGIVING BREAK:  NO SECTIONS

Over the break, need to read the sections assigned for Week 9 from Godbeer’s anthology

 WEEK 10     

 M  11/27       Spain: The Basque trials and the Spanish Inquisition
                       READ: K&P, Salazar, 407-419; XEROX/CANVAS #6 SPAIN (Henningsen)

 W  11/29     17th C: Skepticism, materialism and the Scientific Revolution  ;

 F 11/31       SECTION DISCUSSION:  Godbeer The Salem Witch Hunt:  What happened at Salem? 
                      See reading assignments from Week 9        

** SECOND PAPER DUE WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 5  AT LECTURE**

WEEK 11       Reading:    Levack, Ch 8, 4th ed, pp. 230-256 Ch 9, pp. 262-276 308  
                                          XEROX/CANVAS : #7 Skeptics;
                                          Kors & Peters, pp. 402-406, 429-435, 438-444

M  12/3       20th C Anthropological & feminist interpretations; "Witch revivals"
                     “Witch-hunting" analogues: 1) McCarthyism 2) child abuse cases 3) misogyny  

W  12/5      CONCLUSION &  REVIEW:  chronology, geography & explanations for witch trials

F 12/7  SECTION DISCUSSION:  Why did Europe stop believing in witches?
                                    
XEROX/CANVAS  #7 Skeptics (Von Spee, Malebranche)

                                    Kors & Peters, pp. 402-06 (Montaigne), 438-444 (Bayle)

FINAL EXAM:   MONDAY 12/10  2:30-4:20 PM in our REGULAR CLASSROOM

 

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Catalog Description: 
Witchcraft and magical beliefs in Europe considered as a problem in intellectual, social, and legal history. Medieval background, systematization of witchcraft theory in fifteenth century; comparison of learned and popular beliefs; mechanisms of witch trials and inquisitorial procedure; the Faust legend; growth of skepticism and decline of witchcraft in seventeenth century.
GE Requirements: 
Individuals and Societies (I&S)
Credits: 
5.0
Status: 
Active
Last updated: 
October 17, 2018 - 9:07pm
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