The multiple regions and peoples comprised under the rubric of “Latin America” or the “Caribbean” are too vast and complex to cover in any survey course. Facing this insurmountable task, we can only aspire to gain an overview of significant historical processes that have marked the individuals and communities inhabiting and passing through these varied landscapes.
The first half of the course focuses on the workings and reproduction of colonial society. While we will explore pre-conquest polities in the American, European, and African continents with some detail, we will concentrate our efforts on studying the formation of the Portuguese and Spanish macro-polities comprising the disparate geographical areas and peoples of the Iberian Peninsula, Western coast of Africa, the Mediterranean, Asia, and the Americas. We will place particular attention to the Spanish and Portuguese endeavors in the Americas to govern, economically exploit, and morally/culturally shape the lives of Native communities, African enslaved peoples, colonizers of various backgrounds, and their racially mixed offspring. Simultaneously, we will explore the myriad of ways in which peoples challenged, subverted, or simply negotiated in their everyday life the regimes of rule imposed upon them.
The second half of our course focus on the processes of Independence and the tribulations of building modern nation-states out of previously colonized territories. Like earlier colonial subjugation, the “nation” was another arrangement to organize power and has led to continuous struggles–often, violent ones—about the terms of inclusion and exclusion. The search for “progress” and “modernity,” later the need for “development through industrial modernization,” and recently the call for globalization and “free trade” have legitimized the continuing subjugation of large sectors of the Indigenous, Black, poor, women, and LGBT+ populations in the Americas. These innovations in subjugation, the new forms of colonialism, have unleashed severe social upheavals, political processes through which subordinated and racialized populations have forged impressive alternative models of sociability. Concomitantly, we will investigate the Liberal forms of imperial subjugation that emerged in the Americas since late nineteenth-century: i.e. the U.S. and the financial institutions supporting global capitalism. These conflicts mentioned above remain at the heart of present-day social movements in these spaces.
As of now, the intention is that this course will be offered fully in person, all depending of the state of Covid-19 contagion at the start of the autumn 2022. Instructors are prepared to take it hybrid or fully online if the circumstances merits it.
Students will be evaluated by a set of different assignments that include: weekly discussion boards, online quizzes, in-class participation, a mid-term research exercise, short analysis papers, and a final project.