History of American Citizenship
Professor: John Findlay email@example.com
Lectures: MTWTh 12:30-1:20 Office: Smith 108B, 206-543-2573
Room: Gowen 201 Office Hours: M, Th 1:30-2:30 and by appointment
Coffee Hour: Wed. 1:45-3:00, Starbucks common area, South Ground Floor, HUB
FRIDAY DISCUSSION SECTIONS WITH TEACHING ASSISTANTS
Jorge Bayona, Section AB (12:30) and Section AD (1:30)
Jonathan Bowlder, Section AA (12:30) and Section AC (11:30)
LOGISTICS: This course surveys the history of American citizenship from the colonial period to around the year 2000. We meet for lectures on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, and hold discussion sections every Friday. Professor Findlay’s lectures address the theme of citizenship in American history, and are meant to provide information, develop arguments, invite questions and comments, and offer an overall narrative. The sections are for discussion of weekly reading assignments, lectures, and written work. The TA’s will lead the sections and will evaluate virtually all student work.
GOALS & EXPECTATIONS: The aims of the course are to improve students’ abilities to read critically, to think historically and conceptually, and to write well, and to broaden their understanding of the history of the United States. In support of those aims, students in HSTAA 110 are expected to: attend, listen to, and review lectures; participate in discussions during lecture sessions; read and think about the assigned readings; attend sections prepared and willing to discuss the readings thoughtfully; and complete all written assignments.
READINGS: Required common readings for HSTAA 110 consist of several items. Four paperback books are available for purchase at the University Book Store, 4326 University Way NE (Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife’s Tale; Pauli Murray, Proud Shoes; Reed Ueda, Crosscurrents; and Monica Sone, Nisei Daughter). Copies of these titles will be placed on 24-hour reserve in Odegaard Library; some of the titles are also available from the UW Libraries as e-books. Several shorter assigned selections are available in a photocopied readings packet, available for purchase from E-Z Copy N Print, 4336 University Way NE. These shorter readings include Youngs, “The British American”; Raibmon, “Naturalizing Power”; “Young Joseph” [Heinmot Tooyalakekt], “An Indian’s Views of Indian Affairs”; Ruiz, “Un Mujer Sin Fronteras”; and Moreno, “Caravans of Sorrow.” In addition to the common readings, students will undertake individualized research on family-history projects. We will also view a film and listen to music in class, and additional texts will be highlighted during lectures.
No survey textbook is required for the course. Some students may find it useful to follow along in a college-level U.S. history textbook. Paul Spickard, Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity, is a useful example (and will also be placed on reserve at Odegaard Library). While a textbook may assist those who want supplement lectures with a factual overview, use of one is not required to succeed in the course.
MAIN THEMES: HSTAA 110 interprets the history of the United States by examining how the American definition of citizenship evolved from colonial times to the present. More specifically, it considers how different groups within the American population, such as white men, Native Americans, specific groups of immigrants, women, and enslaved and free blacks, at different times were denied or gained “full membership” in the United States. A related theme, developed particularly in the readings and the research paper, is the experiences of family units in American history.
Citizenship can be defined as the membership of an individual in a nation. In 1957 U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren explained, “Citizenship is man’s basic right for it is nothing less than the right to have rights. Remove this priceless possession and there remains a stateless person, disgraced and degraded in the eyes of his countrymen. He has no lawful claim to protection from any nation, and no nation may assert rights on his behalf. His very existence is at the sufferance of the state within whose borders he happens to be. In this country the expatriate will presumably enjoy, at most, only the limited rights and privileges of aliens, and like the alien he might even be subject to deportation and thereby deprived of the right to assert any rights.” Of course, not everyone will accept Warren’s definition of citizenship, or its implications, but Warren pointed to a key aspect of citizenship in the U.S.—the possession of legal rights guaranteed by the Constitution and other authorities. And it points out that those without citizenship—and, it should be added, those without full citizenship, for throughout history many Americans have technically been “citizens” but never enjoyed all the rights normally associated with complete membership in the nation—are at the mercy of others to watch out for them. For most of American history, the majority of peoples, both in the U.S. and around the world, were ineligible for full American citizenship due to their place of birth, their race or sex or religion or sexual preference or age, or other factors. In many ways American citizenship has been an exclusive category. HSTAA 110 explores how that category has evolved, expanded, contracted, and taken on new meanings.
RESOURCES FOR SUCCEEDING IN HSTAA 110
The instructors, Department of History, and the University of Washington offer ample resources to help students succeed in HSTAA 110.
OFFICE HOURS: John Findlay, Jorge Bayona, and Jonathan Bowdler will hold regular office hours for private meetings with students. On Wednesday afternoons from 1:45 to 3:00, Professor Findlay will also meet with students over coffee in a less private office hour. We will gather in the commons area next to Starbucks on the ground floor at the southern end of the HUB. Professor Findlay will be happy to talk about the course, but we could also discuss the University, the city of Seattle, the news, or other things on our minds. If you cannot attend regularly scheduled office hours, do not hesitate to schedule appointments at other times or reach out via e-mail.
COURSE WEBSITE: HSTAA 110 has a course website with a great deal of information on it. The URL is https://canvas.uw.edu/courses/990192. Among the resources on the website are:
Study Questions: For each discussion section, the instructors will prepare and post several study questions. These are meant to facilitate discussions by posing questions about some important issues in each set of readings. Students are asked to prepare one response paper (i.e., a paper that responds to the readings) during the quarter. One way to choose a topic for your paper is by answering a study question. Ultimately, we want students to improve at framing their own questions about the past. You may find Study Questions under "Files" on the course website.
Descriptions of Written Assignments: Students are required to complete several writing assignments. Those assignments are summarized briefly on the syllabus. The course website offers more detail about each assignment.
Sample Family History Research Papers: Students are required to complete a research paper on some aspect of their family’s connection to U.S. history. The course website offers a variety of examples of this assignment by students who enrolled in this course in earlier years.
Audio Recordings and PowerPoint Slides for Each Lecture. The UW subscribes to a service called Panopto, which records the audio content of lectures and synchronizes it with the appropriate PowerPoint presentations. Students can revisit lectures by clicking “Panopto Recordings” on the course website.
On-Line Readings: Although we prefer to use hard copies of the assigned readings, some shorter titles are available on-line. Most are to be discussed in sections; some will be referred to during lectures.
Link to UW Libraries Website for HSTAA 110: In the UW Libraries, Ms. Theresa Mudrock serves as the liaison to the Department of History. She has created a web guide (http://guides.lib.uw.edu/friendly.php?s=research/hstaa110) to help students find library resources for their family history research papers. Ms. Mudrock herself is available to field questions and offer guidance for research. firstname.lastname@example.org
WRITING TUTORS. The TA’s and professor will provide feedback on students’ writing. For additional assistance students may turn to several places on campus where they can get help with writing. These include the History Department Writing Center; the Odegaard Undergraduate Library Writing and Research Center (http://depts.washington.edu/owrc/); the CLUE Writing Center in Mary Gates Hall (http://depts.washington.edu/aspuw/develop/writing-center/); and the Office of Minority Affairs and Diversity Educational Opportunity Program Instructional Center (http://depts.washington.edu/ic). Students are more assured of getting quality assistance if they contact tutors early in the quarter.
RESERVE READINGS: To ensure their availability to students doing research on family-history projects, several particularly useful books have been placed on 24-hour reserve in Odegaard Library. These include Dorothee Schneider, Crossing Borders: Migration and Citizenship in the Twentieth-Century United States; Michael Schudson, The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life; Rogers M. Smith, Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History; Paul Spickard, Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity; and Reed Ueda, Postwar Immigrant America: A Social History. Copies of the four required books (Murray, Sone, Ueda, and Ulrich) have also been placed on reserve. Many of these titles are also available from UW Libraries as e-books.
INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS: The UW offers several programs for Multilingual Students and Teachers, including Global Classrooms (https://catalyst.uw.edu/workspace/esoneill/21763) and International Student services (http://iss.washington.edu/). English Language Learners are invited to form Targeted Learning Communities (TLC’s) of 3-5 students to help one another and receive tutoring on assignments for HSTAA 110. See the Odegaard Writing and Research Center website (https://depts.washington.edu/owrc/programs.php).
SCHEDULE OF LECTURES, READINGS, SECTIONS, AND ASSIGNMENTS
A date followed by “section” (e.g. Oct. 2 section…) indicates a reading assignment for discussion sections.
A date followed by “in-lecture discussion” means we will go over the readings during lecture.
An asterisk (*) denotes that the selection will be available in the course readings packet as well as on-line.
First Half of Course: American Citizenship from Colonization to Civil War
Unit I—Sept. 30 – Oct. 6: Beginnings
Sept. 30: Introduction to Course
Oct. 1: European Colonizers of North America
Oct. 2 section: *J. William T. Youngs, “The British American: William Byrd in Two Worlds,” in American Realities, Historical Episodes, vol. I, From the First Settlements to the Civil War, 5th ed. (New York: Longman, 2001), 55-73; *Paige Raibmon, “Naturalizing Power: Land and Sexual Violence along William Byrd’s Dividing Line,” in Virginia J. Scharff, ed., Seeing Nature through Gender (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003), 20-39.
Oct. 5: Natives’ Encounters with European Colonizers
Unit II—Oct. 6-9: Colonization and Citizens in British North America
Oct. 6: The English System of Colonization
Oct. 7: No lecture. DVD of A Midwife’s Tale
Oct. 8: Growth, Diversity, and Immigration Policy in the 18th-Century Colonies
Oct. 9 section: Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, A Midwife’s Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785-1812 (1990; New York: Vintage Books, 1991), 3-161.
Unit III—Oct. 12-16: Slaves, Citizens, and in Between: Revolutionary America, 1750-1850
Oct. 12: Slaves, Citizens, and the American Revolution
Oct. 13: Citizenship in the New Nation
Oct. 14, in-lecture discussion: Prepare by viewing the PowerPoint presentation “The Independence
Hall of the American West: An Exercise in Critiquing Sources and Historical Interpretations”
Oct. 15: Politics in the New Republic to 1850
Oct. 16 section: Ulrich, A Midwife’s Tale, 162-308.
RESPONSE PAPER DUE AT START OF SECTION, OCT. 16—
roughly two double-spaced pages. Paper worth 10% of course grade.
Unit IV—Oct. 19-23: Citizens, Immigrants, and The Market Economy: North and South, 1800-1850
Oct. 19: Growth of the Market Economy
Oct. 20: The Expansive North and the Rise of Reformers
Oct. 21: The Slave South
Oct. 22: Immigrants in the Antebellum Republic
Oct. 23 section: Pauli Murray, Proud Shoes: The Story of an American Family (1956; Boston: Beacon Press, 1999), 1-111.
FAMILY HISTORY PROJECT—ONE-PAGE PAPER ON TOPIC DUE AT START OF SECTION, OCT. 23
Unit V—Oct. 26-30: Disunion, Civil War, Emancipation, Reconstruction, 1860-1877
Oct. 26: Coming of the Civil War: Clashing Visions for America
Oct. 27: Civil War and Emancipation of Slaves
Oct. 28: Reconstruction and African American Citizenship
Oct. 29: The Rise of Jim Crow and the Demise of Blacks’ Rights
Oct. 30 section: Murray, Proud Shoes, 112-276.
MIDTERM TAKE-HOME ESSAY EXAM, DUE MONDAY 2 NOV. AT START OF LECTURE.
Students will answer one question (choosing from 3-4) on the first half of the course. Questions will be posted by Thursday 29 October. Essays should be of 5-6 pages. Exam worth 20% of course grade.
Second Half of Course: Citizenship during the U.S. Rise to Global Power
Unit VI—Nov. 2-10: Westward Expansion, Racial Minorities, and American Empire, 1840-1910
Nov. 2: The American West and the Nation
Nov. 3: Mexicans and the 19th-century U.S.
Nov. 4: The Industrializing West and Chinese Immigrants
Nov. 5: Indians and Indian Policy
Nov. 6 section: *”Young Joseph” [Heinmot Tooyalakekt], “An Indian’s Views of Indian Affairs,” The North American Review 128 (April 1879): 412-33; Reed Ueda, Crosscurrents: Atlantic and Pacific Migration in the Making of a Global America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), intro., ch. 1.
FAMILY HISTORY PROJECT—BIBLIOGRAPHY DUE AT START OF SECTION, NOV. 6.
Must consist of at least three titles, including at least one primary source and one secondary work.
Nov. 9: United States Acquires an Overseas Empire
Nov. 10, in-lecture discussion: critique of sample family history papers
Nov. 11: VETERANS DAY HOLIDAY—no class
Unit VII—Nov. 12-20: Industry, Immigration, and Reform, 1877-1930
Nov. 12: Industrialization Transforms America
Nov. 13 section: Ueda, Crosscurrents, ch. 2.
Nov. 16: Industrialization and Immigration
FAMILY HISTORY PROJECT—ROUGH DRAFTS DUE MON. 16 NOV. AT START OF LECTURE
Nov. 17: Industrialization and its Discontents
Nov. 18: The Progressive Response
Nov. 19: Redefining Who Can Vote and Who Can Immigrate, 1900-1930
Nov. 20 section: Ueda, Crosscurrents, ch. 3; Monica Sone, Nisei Daughter (1953; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2014), 3-144.
Unit VIII—Nov. 23-Dec. 4: American Citizenship from Depression to Cold War, 1930-1970
Nov. 23: Depression, New Deal, and Economic Citizenship
Nov. 24: Cultural Transformations, 1920-1960
Nov. 25: Depression, World War Two, and Immigrants in the U.S.
Nov. 26-27: THANKSGIVING HOLIDAY—no class
Nov. 30: in-lecture discussion of Sone, Nisei Daughter, vii-xxiv, 145-238, and slide lecture
on World War Two and the Incarceration of Nikkei
Dec. 1: Cold War and Containment Policy
Dec. 2: Immigration Policy in an Era of Global Conflict, 1942-1965
Dec. 3: African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement
Dec. 4 section: *Vicki Ruiz, “Un Mujer Sin Fronteras: Luisa Moreno and Latina Labor Activism,” Pacific Historical Review 73 (Feb. 2004): 1-20; *Luisa Moreno, “Caravans of Sorrow: Noncitizen Americans of the Southwest,” in David G. Gutiérrez, ed., Between Two Worlds: Mexican Immigrants in the United States (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1996), 119-23; Ueda, Crosscurrents, ch. 4.
Unit IX—Dec. 7-11: Citizenship in Recent America
Dec. 7: Affluence and Overreach: Postwar America
Dec. 8: The Rise of a “Rights-Based” Citizenship
Family-history research paper due at the start of lecture, Tues. 8 Dec.
Paper should be 7-8 double-spaced pages, and must have stapled to it the 3 preliminary assignments you submitted previously.
30% of course grade
Dec. 9: Citizenship Amid Economic and Political Changes, 1970-1990
Dec. 10: Race, Immigration, and Citizenship, 1990-2008
Dec. 11 section: Ueda, Crosscurrents, ch. 5.
Final take-home essay exam, on second half of course.
Questions will be posted by Friday 11 Dec. Exams will be due in Gowen 201 on Thurs 17 Dec, 8:30-10:20. 5-6 pages
20% of course grade
SUMMARY OF GRADED WORK
Discussion Sections: 20% of course grade.
Students are expected to complete the assigned readings on time, to come prepared to discuss them (i.e., to have thought about them before class), and to attend regularly. The TA will evaluate individuals’ contributions to discussions. The TA may include in this part of the course grade additional assignments specific to the sections, and can also weigh favorably students’ contributions to in-lecture discussions.
Writing Assignments: 80% of course grade
- A response paper, concerning the reading assignment for October 16, due at the start of section. A response paper is a student’s considered response to the reading for that day. The paper, of approximately 2 double-spaced pages, may concern any aspect of the reading. One way to find a topic is to answer one of the study questions posed for that day’s reading. Another way to find a topic is to compare and contrast the day’s reading to readings done earlier. 10% OF COURSE GRADE
- Students will take a Mid-term, Take-home, Essay Exam, covering the first half of the course. The exam will be due at the beginning of class on Monday 2 November. Questions will be posted 4-5 days before the exam is due. 20% OF COURSE GRADE
III. Family-History Research Project
This essay of 7-8 word-processed, double-spaced pages is meant to illustrate how personal and family stories intersect with national history (as we will have seen through our reading of the Youngs, Raibmon, Ulrich, Murray, Ueda, Sone, Ruiz, and Moreno). Students are asked to pick one or two individuals from their families—ideally but not necessarily somebody slightly removed from their nuclear family, such as an uncle or great grandmother—and interweave their personal stories with events or forces operating at the “national” level. Thus we might hear how the G.I. Bill created upward mobility by allowing a veteran to attend college; how U.S. law or policy presented hurdles for prospective immigrants; how passage of suffrage legislation permitted a great grandmother to vote for the first time; or how U.S. foreign policy led to ancestors experiencing war or dislocation. There are many, many possibilities. Students are expected to research in both primary sources (oral interviews, diaries, letters, memoirs, etc.) and secondary works. One key to success here is to start thinking about the topic in plenty of time. Another is to recognize the wide range of resources available, not the least of which are the UW Libraries and History Librarian Theresa Mudrock. Ms. Mudrock has developed a website to help students launch their research (http://guides.lib.washington.edu/hstaa110). The course website has copies of sample papers from previous quarters, and we will discuss sample papers as a group in lecture on Nov. 10.
Some students find it uncomfortable writing about their own family, or do not have family members with substantial connections to U.S. history. In these cases, students may select someone else’s family history to write about. Students choosing this option should consult with the professor or TA’s. Here are some people and books that could serve as starting points for a research paper about someone else’s family’s history: Kim Barnes, In the Wilderness; Margaret Byington, Homestead: The Households of a Mill Town; John Demos, The Unredeemed Captive; Ivan Doig, This House of Sky; Carlos Gil, We Became Mexican American; Neil Henry, Pearl’s Secret; Gordon Hirabayashi, UW student who stood up to wartime mistreatment of Japanese Americans; Phoebe Goodell Judson, A Pioneer’s Search for an Ideal Home; Kristen Iversen, Full Body Burden; William Kittredge, Hole in the Sky; Mary Paik Lee, Quiet Odyssey; Iwao and Hanaye Matsushita, Issei from Seattle who were imprisoned during World War II; Luisa Moreno, Latina civil-rights activist; Richard Rodriguez, Hunger of Memory; or Frances Esquibel Tywoniak, Migrant Daughter. There are many other possibilities.
The family-history research paper will be developed in stages. All three lead-in assignments must be submitted to receive a final grade on the research project. If lead-in assignments are turned in late, TA’s cannot promise to provide feedback on them.
Oct. 23, due at the start of section: a one-page prospectus, or description of the topic and argument for your research paper. Students will receive feedback on the suitability of the topic and ideas on how to pursue the topic. Please submit a hard copy to your TA and an electronic version to Prof. Findlay.
Nov. 6, due at the start of section: a bibliography of at least three titles in use for your project, at least one of which must be a primary source and one of which must be a secondary work.
Nov. 16, due at the start of lecture: a rough draft of your essay, as complete as you can make it. If parts of the essay are incomplete, try to include an outline of how you expect to finish the paper, or a list of the questions that still need answers. Students will receive feedback on how to improve the essay.
Dec. 8 at the start of lecture: the final draft of the family-history research paper, stapled together with a copy of the three preliminary assignments. The family-history research project is worth 30% of the course grade.
- Students will submit the Final, Take-home, Essay Exam, in Gowen 201 at 8:30-10:20 on Thursday 17 Dec. Questions will be posted by December 11. Students will answer one question from a list of 3 or 4. The Final Exam will be worth 20% of the course grade.
Section: 20%. Response Paper: 10%. Midterm: 20%. Research Paper: 30%. Final Exam: 20%.
Additional Important Information:
Students are responsible for submitting their own independent work. They are also responsible for understanding and following University policies regarding academic honesty and plagiarism. Please contact your TA or the professor if you have any questions about this.
Late papers will be penalized at a rate of 0.4 per day. However, in the event of illness or personal emergencies we will try to be accommodating. Please contact an instructor as soon as possible.
To receive a passing grade, students must complete all assignments, including participation in sections. In other words, one cannot (for example) skip the response paper (worth only 10% of the total course grade) and still pass the course.